Baran District at a Glance
· District: Baran
· Headquarters: Baran
· State: Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
· Total: 6992
· Rural: 6847
· Urban: 145
Population (Census 2011)
· Population: 1222755
· Rural: 968541
· Urban: 254214
· Male: 633945
· Female: 588810
· Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males): 929
· Density (Total, Persons per sq km): 175
· Assembly: 4
· Lok Sabha: 0
The headquarters of the district are located at the city of Baran.
Baran district is situated at the south-eastern corner of the state and shares its eastern boundary with Shivpuri, Sheopur and Guna districts of Madhya Pradesh, thus forming the boundary of Rajasthan state. Baran district touches Kota district in the north-west and Jhalawar district in the south-west.
Before Indian independence in 1947, most of present-day Baran District was part of the princely state of Kota. It was carved out from Kota district and formed as a separate district on 10th April 1991.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Located at a distance of around 80 km from Baran, Shahabad Fort is considered to be the strongest fort in Hadoti region. Mukutmani Dev, a Chouhan Dhandhel, built this fort in 1521 AD. It is situated amidst the high mountain ranges in a dense forest. Kundakoh Valley surrounds the fort from its two sides and the other two sides of the fort are surrounded by high rocky hills and ponds. It is believed that the fort consisted of eighteen cannons amongst which one was 19 feet high.
Sitabaari is an ideal picnic spot in Hadoti area., situated about 45 km from Baran in Kelwara kasba on National Highway road connecting Shivpuri- Gwalior. This is a holy worship place. It is well known in the area that 'Sita mata' had lived in this place after being left-out by Bhagwan Ram. This place is also known as the birthplace of Lav & Kush. There are several Kunds in Sitabaari namely Balmiki Kund, Sita Kund, Laxman Kund, Surya Kund, Lav-Kush Kund. Sita-Kuti is also situated in the forest area near the temple. The tribal Sahariya fair is held at this place in the May/June every year.
Sher Garh Fort
Shershah fort is situated at a distance of 65 km from Baran in Tehsil Atru and is one of Baran’s most popular tourist attractions. It is situated on a hill-top on the banks of River Parban. Shershah from the Sur dynasty had captured this fort during Malwa Reign and the fort got its name from him. It is one of the oldest forts of India. Scriptures present in the fort suggest that the fort was ruled by Samanta Devdutta in 790 AD. He had built a monastery and a Buddhist temple in the premises of the fort as well.
An inscription from 790 AD reflects the rich history of Shergarh fort and it is among the popular forts of Rajasthan.
Kanya Dah- Bilas Garh
Bilasgarh is situated in Kishanganj Tehsil, 45 km away from Baran city. Once a well-developed city, Bilasgarh was destroyed on the orders of Emperor Aurangzeb. A historical tale suggests that Aurangzeb was attracted towards the princess of Khechi kingdom, the then rulers of Bilasgarh; he ordered his troops to bring her to him. The princess chose to die than to become Aurangzeb’s queen and hence, committed suicide. The spot where she committed suicide is now known by the name of ‘Kanya Dah’. Agitated by this act, the troops of Aurangzeb destroyed the whole city of Bilasgarh. The ruined city lies in a lonely place inside a dense forest.
Bhand Devara ( Mini Khajuraho)
Famous by the name of ‘Mini Khajuraho’, Ramgarh-Bhand-Devara temple is located at a distance of 40 km from Baran city. Lord Shiva temple at Ramgarh was built in the 10th century and it looks similar to the famous Khajuraho temples. There are Maithun statues built in the premises of the temple and hence, it got the name Bhand Devara. The temple is presently under the ownership of the archaeology department
Ramgarh Mata ji
This temple carries a historic importance and is another tourist attraction. Jhala Zaalim Singh had built this temple at the hill-top. There are 750 stairs to reach the top of the hill. It has Kisnai Mata temple and Annapurna Devi temple inside its premises. In one temple, the goddesses is worshipped with sweets and in the other, meat and alcohol are presented to the goddess. Every year on Kartik Poornima, a fair is organized in the temple premises.
A place well-known for its natural beauty, Kapil Dhara is located at a distance of around 50 km from Baran. There is also a ‘Gaumukh’ housed in the premises of this place which is a famous waterfall of the region.
Kakuni is situated at a distance of 85 km from Baran city. The place is located on the banks of River Parban and is surrounded by Mukundra mountain range. It is believed that the temples located here were built in the 8th century and are believed to be the remains of Vaishnav, Shiva and Jain temples. Most of the statues of this temple are kept in the museums at Kota and Jhalawar. The place came under the ownership of archaeology department in 1970.
Soursan Mataji Temple
Soursan Mataji temple is also known as ‘Brahmani Mata Mandir’ and is located at a distance of 20 km from Baran in Soursan village. It is believed that the lamp ‘Akhand Jyot’ inside the temple is burning uninterrupted since the last 400 years. Every year, on Shiv Ratri, a fair is organized in the temple premises.
Soursan Wildlife Sanctuary
Spread across an area of 41 sq km and extended to a length of more than 17 km, Soursan Wildlife Sanctuary is another tourist attraction of the district. The sanctuary is situated on a wasteland with a number of small ponds and lakes and it houses various breeds of birds, animals and reptiles. On the western side of the sanctuary, River Parban flows and towards the eastern side, there are a number of villages and an area of fertile land.
Located 50 km from Kota is the Sorsan Wildlife Sanctuary. Popularly known as the Sorsan Grasslands, it is a 41 sq.km bird sanctuary which is home to scrubby vegetation, numerous water bodies and a vast variety of birds and animals. Visitors here can hope to catch a glimpse of orioles, quails, partridges, robins, weavers, greylag geese, common pochards, teals and pintails. Come winter and flocks of migrant birds such as warblers, flycatchers, larks, starlings and rosy pastors fly here. You can also spot animals such as black buck and gazelles.