Barmer District at a Glance
· District: Barmer
· Headquarters: Barmer
· State: Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
· Total: 28387
· Rural: 28320
· Urban: 67
Population (Census 2011)
· Population: 2603751
· Rural: 2421914
· Urban: 181837
· Male: 1369022
· Female: 1234729
· Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males): 902
· Density (Total, Persons per sq km): 92
· Assembly: 7
· Lok Sabha: 1
Barmer District is a district in Rajasthan state of India. It is located in the western part of Rajasthan state forming a part of the Thar Desert. Barmer is the third largest district by area in Rajasthan and fifth largest district in India. Being in the western part of the state, it includes a part of the Thar Desert. Jaisalmer is to the north of this district while Jalore is in its south. Pali and Jodhpur form its eastern border and it shares a border with Pakistan in the west. Partially being a desert, this district has a large variation in temperature. The temperature in summer can rise up to 51 °C and falls near to 0 °C in winter. Luni is the longest river in Barmer district. After travelling a length of almost 500 km, it passes through Jalore and merges in the marshy land of Runn of Kutch.  District headquarters is in the town of Barmer. Recently, a large onshore oil field has been discovered and made functional in Barmer district.
In earlier times, the district was known as Malani, in the name of Rawal Mallinath. Rawal Mallinath was the son of Rao Salkha and Rawal Mallinath is a cultural, philanthropical and religious icon in Barmer, He is worshiped as God by the local people.
Poorly planned and rapid urbanization has increased Barmer's vulnerability to flash flooding. The local ecology and soil type is not equipped to deal with sudden or excessive water accumulation, which causes short and long term damage. Other areas suffer the gradual effects of ‘invisible disasters’, which also threaten the lives and livelihoods of the locals.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Located at a distance of 35 km from Barmer, there is a series of temples which are well-known by the name of Kiradu temples. Someshwara temple is the best among them with architecture inspired by the Solanki dynasty.
The place was previously known as Kiradkot and was under the rule of Kirad clan of Rajputs. The Kirad Rajputs ruled the place from the 6th century to the 8th century.
VANKAL MATA TEMPLE
Vankal Mata temple is a famous temple of Barmer where Goddess Vankal is worshipped. It is located at a 675-feet high hill-top in the western part of Barmer. The view of the mountain ranges, plains and valleys is beautiful from this spot.
MAHABAR SAND DUNES
|Mahabar sand dunes|
The Mahabar Sand Dunes remain to be one of the lesser known tourist spots in Barmer. The expanse of the Barmer Sand Dunes are equally beautiful as Sam Sand Dunes and will spellbind you for sure. To reach the Mahabar Sand Dunes, one would need to take the Barmer-Ahmedabad highway. The road is motorable and one doesn’t have to face too much trouble to reach Mahabar Sand Dunes. The sand dunes provide a perfect respite from the city, as they are quiet and less crowded and yet to be explored as compared to other spots. Visit Mahabar Sand Dunes to enjoy spectacular views of the sunrise and sunset and for an unforgettable experience.
BARMER FORT & GARH TEMPLE
|Garh temple in Barmer fort|
Rawat Bhima built Barmer fort in 1552 AD at a hillock in present city of Barmer when he shifted old Barmer (Presently JUNA village in Barmer Dist) to present city. He built a fort on top of the city which is also known as Barmer Garh. Hill of Barmer fort is 1383 feet but Rawat Bhima build fort at height of 676 feet which is safer place than top of hill. Main entrance of Fort (Prole) is on North direction, Safety Burg are made on east & west direction. Boundary wall of fort was ordinary due to natural wall protection of hill. This fort is surrounded by temple on all sides. This Hill of Barmer Fort has two important religious places; Top of the hill is temple of JOGMAYA devi (Garh Mandir) which is situated at height of 1383 & at Height of 500 feet there is Nagnechi Mata temple, Both temples are very famous and have fair during Navratra festivals. Rest area is residence of former royal family of Barmer.
SHRI NAKODA JAIN TEMPLE
|Nakoda Jain temple|
Built in the 3rd century, this temple has been renovated multiple times. Alamshah invaded and looted this temple in the 13th century and failed to steal the idol as it was hidden in a village a few miles away. The idol was brought back and the temple renovated in the 15th century.
|Devka Sun temple|
This temple was built in the 12th or 13th century. Located in Devka, a small hamlet situated about 62 Km from Barmer along the Barmer-Jaisalmer Road, the temple is known for its incredible architecture. The village also holds the ruins of two other temples that house stone sculptures of Lord Ganesha.
RANI BHATIYANI TEMPLE
|Rani Bhatiyani temple|
Rani Bhatiyani Temple is located in Jasol. She is especially worshipped by the Manganiar bard community as she is said to have given a divine vision to a Manganiar. Many also refer to this goddess as Majisa or mother and sing songs in her honour. Legend says that the goddess was a Rajput princess called Swarup before she became a goddess.
JUNA FORT & TEMPLE
|Junagarh fort temple|
Juna is old Barmer. It was the main city built by Bar Rao but during Rawat Bhima rule they shifted Barmer to a new place where the present city stands and Juna remains as ruins of past glory and old heritage. It is 25 Kms from Barmer and is known for its Jain temple and old fort. According to inscriptions on a stone pillar near the temple, it was built in the 12th or 13th century. Juna is surrounded by hills and also a small lake.
CHINTAMANI PARASNATH JAIN TEMPLE
This temple is known for magnificent sculptures and spectacular ornamental paintings. The interior part of the temple also features rich inlay work made with glass. The temple was constructed by Shri Nemaji Jivaji Bohra in the 16th century and lies on top of a hillock in the western part of Barmer city.
Located on the way to the Mahabar Sand Dunes, Safed Akhara, also known as the Sideshwara Mahadev Temple, is a temple complex with a garden. The temple complex houses shrines that are dedicated to Lord Shiva, Krishna and Radha, and Lord Hanuman, among others. The temple gardens are large and one can find peacocks in their full glory and beauty roaming around. The temple complex offers visitors temporary accommodation as well. The Safed Akhara is another one of the tourist spots that are often overlooked by the visitors. Visit the Akhara to enjoy the serene surroundings of its garden, away from the hustle and bustle of the city.
HANDICRAFTS OF BARMER
Handicrafts of Barmer can be found in any of the renowned shops in Barmer that offers the best of Indian rural craftsmanship. One can find traditional and ethnic products, such as embroidered items, hand knitted woolen carpets, wood carvings, traditionally dyed fabrics, paintings and tie – dye beautiful products. Handicrafts of Barmer have today become a reason of prominent tourist attraction, with a wide range of quality traditional items that Barmer has to offer.