Saturday, May 23, 2020

Basic data and tourism information on Baran District of Rajasthan


Baran District at a Glance
General
·                     District:                      Baran
·                     Headquarters:          Baran
·                     State:                          Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011) 
·                     Total:                          6992
·                     Rural:                         6847
·                     Urban:                        145
Population (Census 2011) 
·                     Population:                1222755
·                     Rural:                         968541
·                     Urban:                        254214
·                     Male:                          633945
·                     Female:                      588810
·                     Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males):                     929
·                     Density (Total, Persons per sq km):                        175
Constituencies (ECI) 
·                     Assembly:       4
·                     Lok Sabha:     0

The headquarters of the district are located at the city of Baran.
Baran district is situated at the south-eastern corner of the state and shares its eastern boundary with Shivpuri, Sheopur and Guna districts of Madhya Pradesh, thus forming the boundary of Rajasthan state. Baran district touches Kota district in the north-west and Jhalawar district in the south-west.
Before Indian independence in 1947, most of present-day Baran District was part of the princely state of Kota. It was carved out from Kota district and formed as a separate district on 10th April 1991.




PLACES OF INTEREST

Shahabad Fort

Shahabad fort

Located at a distance of around 80 km from Baran, Shahabad Fort is considered to be the strongest fort in Hadoti region. Mukutmani Dev, a Chouhan Dhandhel, built this fort in 1521 AD. It is situated amidst the high mountain ranges in a dense forest. Kundakoh Valley surrounds the fort from its two sides and the other two sides of the fort are surrounded by high rocky hills and ponds. It is believed that the fort consisted of eighteen cannons amongst which one was 19 feet high.
Sita Baari

Sita baari

Sitabaari is an ideal picnic spot in Hadoti area., situated about 45 km from Baran in Kelwara kasba on National Highway road connecting Shivpuri- Gwalior. This is a holy worship place. It is well known in the area that 'Sita mata' had lived in this place after being left-out by Bhagwan Ram. This place is also known as the birthplace of Lav & Kush. There are several Kunds in Sitabaari namely Balmiki Kund, Sita Kund, Laxman Kund, Surya Kund, Lav-Kush Kund. Sita-Kuti is also situated in the forest area near the temple. The tribal Sahariya fair is held at this place in the May/June every year.
Sher Garh Fort

Shergarh fort

Shershah fort is situated at a distance of 65 km from Baran in Tehsil Atru and is one of Baran’s most popular tourist attractions. It is situated on a hill-top on the banks of River Parban. Shershah from the Sur dynasty had captured this fort during Malwa Reign and the fort got its name from him. It is one of the oldest forts of India. Scriptures present in the fort suggest that the fort was ruled by Samanta Devdutta in 790 AD. He had built a monastery and a Buddhist temple in the premises of the fort as well.
An inscription from 790 AD reflects the rich history of Shergarh fort and it is among the popular forts of Rajasthan.
Kanya Dah- Bilas Garh

Kanyadah Bilasgarh

Bilasgarh is situated in Kishanganj Tehsil, 45 km away from Baran city. Once a well-developed city, Bilasgarh was destroyed on the orders of Emperor Aurangzeb. A historical tale suggests that Aurangzeb was attracted towards the princess of Khechi kingdom, the then rulers of Bilasgarh; he ordered his troops to bring her to him. The princess chose to die than to become Aurangzeb’s queen and hence, committed suicide. The spot where she committed suicide is now known by the name of ‘Kanya Dah’. Agitated by this act, the troops of Aurangzeb destroyed the whole city of Bilasgarh. The ruined city lies in a lonely place inside a dense forest.
Bhand Devara ( Mini Khajuraho)

Carvings at Bhand Devara

Famous by the name of ‘Mini Khajuraho’, Ramgarh-Bhand-Devara temple is located at a distance of 40 km from Baran city. Lord Shiva temple at Ramgarh was built in the 10th century and it looks similar to the famous Khajuraho temples. There are Maithun statues built in the premises of the temple and hence, it got the name Bhand Devara. The temple is presently under the ownership of the archaeology department
Ramgarh Mata ji


This temple carries a historic importance and is another tourist attraction. Jhala Zaalim Singh had built this temple at the hill-top. There are 750 stairs to reach the top of the hill. It has Kisnai Mata temple and Annapurna Devi temple inside its premises. In one temple, the goddesses is worshipped with sweets and in the other, meat and alcohol are presented to the goddess. Every year on Kartik Poornima, a fair is organized in the temple premises.
Kapil Dhara

A place well-known for its natural beauty, Kapil Dhara is located at a distance of around 50 km from Baran. There is also a ‘Gaumukh’ housed in the premises of this place which is a famous waterfall of the region.
Kakuni

Kakuni

Kakuni is situated at a distance of 85 km from Baran city. The place is located on the banks of River Parban and is surrounded by Mukundra mountain range. It is believed that the temples located here were built in the 8th century and are believed to be the remains of Vaishnav, Shiva and Jain temples. Most of the statues of this temple are kept in the museums at Kota and Jhalawar. The place came under the ownership of archaeology department in 1970.
Soursan Mataji Temple

Brahmani Mata temple

Soursan Mataji temple is also known as ‘Brahmani Mata Mandir’ and is located at a distance of 20 km from Baran in Soursan village. It is believed that the lamp ‘Akhand Jyot’ inside the temple is burning uninterrupted since the last 400 years. Every year, on Shiv Ratri, a fair is organized in the temple premises.
Soursan Wildlife Sanctuary

Spread across an area of 41 sq km and extended to a length of more than 17 km, Soursan Wildlife Sanctuary is another tourist attraction of the district. The sanctuary is situated on a wasteland with a number of small ponds and lakes and it houses various breeds of birds, animals and reptiles. On the western side of the sanctuary, River Parban flows and towards the eastern side, there are a number of villages and an area of fertile land.


Soursan Wildlife Sanctuary
Located 50 km from Kota is the Sorsan Wildlife Sanctuary. Popularly known as the Sorsan Grasslands, it is a 41 sq.km bird sanctuary which is home to scrubby vegetation, numerous water bodies and a vast variety of birds and animals. Visitors here can hope to catch a glimpse of orioles, quails, partridges, robins, weavers, greylag geese, common pochards, teals and pintails. Come winter and flocks of migrant birds such as warblers, flycatchers, larks, starlings and rosy pastors fly here. You can also spot animals such as black buck and gazelles.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Basic data and tourism information on Barmer District of Rajasthan


Barmer District at a Glance
General
·                     District:                      Barmer
·                     Headquarters:          Barmer
·                     State:                          Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011) 
·                     Total:                          28387
·                     Rural:                         28320
·                     Urban:                        67
Population (Census 2011) 
·                     Population:                2603751
·                     Rural:                         2421914
·                     Urban:                        181837
·                     Male:                          1369022
·                     Female:                      1234729
·                     Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males):         902
·                     Density (Total, Persons per sq km):            92
Constituencies (ECI) 
·                     Assembly:       7
·                     Lok Sabha:     1

Barmer District is a district in Rajasthan state of India. It is located in the western part of Rajasthan state forming a part of the Thar Desert. Barmer is the third largest district by area in Rajasthan and fifth largest district in India. Being in the western part of the state, it includes a part of the Thar Desert. Jaisalmer is to the north of this district while Jalore is in its south. Pali and Jodhpur form its eastern border and it shares a border with Pakistan in the west. Partially being a desert, this district has a large variation in temperature. The temperature in summer can rise up to 51 °C and falls near to 0 °C in winter. Luni is the longest river in Barmer district. After travelling a length of almost 500 km, it passes through Jalore and merges in the marshy land of Runn of Kutch. [2] District headquarters is in the town of Barmer. Recently, a large onshore oil field has been discovered and made functional in Barmer district.
In earlier times, the district was known as Malani, in the name of Rawal Mallinath. Rawal Mallinath was the son of Rao Salkha and Rawal Mallinath is a cultural, philanthropical and religious icon in Barmer, He is worshiped as God by the local people.
Poorly planned and rapid urbanization has increased Barmer's vulnerability to flash flooding. The local ecology and soil type is not equipped to deal with sudden or excessive water accumulation, which causes short and long term damage. Other areas suffer the gradual effects of ‘invisible disasters’, which also threaten the lives and livelihoods of the locals.




PLACES OF INTEREST

KIRADU TEMPLE

Located at a distance of 35 km from Barmer, there is a series of temples which are well-known by the name of Kiradu temples. Someshwara temple is the best among them with architecture inspired by the Solanki dynasty.

Kiradu temple

The place was previously known as Kiradkot and was under the rule of Kirad clan of Rajputs. The Kirad Rajputs ruled the place from the 6th century to the 8th century.

VANKAL MATA TEMPLE

Vankal Mata temple is a famous temple of Barmer where Goddess Vankal is worshipped. It is located at a 675-feet high hill-top in the western part of Barmer. The view of the mountain ranges, plains and valleys is beautiful from this spot.

MAHABAR SAND DUNES

Mahabar sand dunes

The Mahabar Sand Dunes remain to be one of the lesser known tourist spots in Barmer. The expanse of the Barmer Sand Dunes are equally beautiful as Sam Sand Dunes and will spellbind you for sure. To reach the Mahabar Sand Dunes, one would need to take the Barmer-Ahmedabad highway. The road is motorable and one doesn’t have to face too much trouble to reach Mahabar Sand Dunes. The sand dunes provide a perfect respite from the city, as they are quiet and less crowded and yet to be explored as compared to other spots. Visit Mahabar Sand Dunes to enjoy spectacular views of the sunrise and sunset and for an unforgettable experience.

BARMER FORT & GARH TEMPLE

Garh temple in Barmer fort

Rawat Bhima built Barmer fort in 1552 AD at a hillock in present city of Barmer when he shifted old Barmer (Presently JUNA village in Barmer Dist) to present city. He built a fort on top of the city which is also known as Barmer Garh. Hill of Barmer fort is 1383 feet but Rawat Bhima build fort at height of 676 feet which is safer place than top of hill. Main entrance of Fort (Prole) is on North direction, Safety Burg are made on east & west direction. Boundary wall of fort was ordinary due to natural wall protection of hill. This fort is surrounded by temple on all sides. This Hill of Barmer Fort has two important religious places; Top of the hill is temple of JOGMAYA devi (Garh Mandir) which is situated at height of 1383 & at Height of 500 feet there is Nagnechi Mata temple, Both temples are very famous and have fair during Navratra festivals. Rest area is residence of former royal family of Barmer.

SHRI NAKODA JAIN TEMPLE

Nakoda Jain temple

Built in the 3rd century, this temple has been renovated multiple times. Alamshah invaded and looted this temple in the 13th century and failed to steal the idol as it was hidden in a village a few miles away. The idol was brought back and the temple renovated in the 15th century.

DEVKA-SUN TEMPLE

Devka Sun temple

This temple was built in the 12th or 13th century. Located in Devka, a small hamlet situated about 62 Km from Barmer along the Barmer-Jaisalmer Road, the temple is known for its incredible architecture. The village also holds the ruins of two other temples that house stone sculptures of Lord Ganesha.

RANI BHATIYANI TEMPLE

Rani Bhatiyani temple

Rani Bhatiyani Temple is located in Jasol. She is especially worshipped by the Manganiar bard community as she is said to have given a divine vision to a Manganiar. Many also refer to this goddess as Majisa or mother and sing songs in her honour. Legend says that the goddess was a Rajput princess called Swarup before she became a goddess.

JUNA FORT & TEMPLE

Junagarh fort temple

Juna is old Barmer. It was the main city built by Bar Rao but during Rawat Bhima rule they shifted Barmer to a new place where the present city stands and Juna remains as ruins of past glory and old heritage. It is 25 Kms from Barmer and is known for its Jain temple and old fort. According to inscriptions on a stone pillar near the temple, it was built in the 12th or 13th century. Juna is surrounded by hills and also a small lake.

CHINTAMANI PARASNATH JAIN TEMPLE

Parasnath temple

This temple is known for magnificent sculptures and spectacular ornamental paintings. The interior part of the temple also features rich inlay work made with glass. The temple was constructed by Shri Nemaji Jivaji Bohra in the 16th century and lies on top of a hillock in the western part of Barmer city.

SAFED AKHARA

Safed Akhara

Located on the way to the Mahabar Sand Dunes, Safed Akhara, also known as the Sideshwara Mahadev Temple, is a temple complex with a garden. The temple complex houses shrines that are dedicated to Lord Shiva, Krishna and Radha, and Lord Hanuman, among others. The temple gardens are large and one can find peacocks in their full glory and beauty roaming around. The temple complex offers visitors temporary accommodation as well. The Safed Akhara is another one of the tourist spots that are often overlooked by the visitors. Visit the Akhara to enjoy the serene surroundings of its garden, away from the hustle and bustle of the city.

HANDICRAFTS OF BARMER

Barmer handicrafts

Handicrafts of Barmer can be found in any of the renowned shops in Barmer that offers the best of Indian rural craftsmanship. One can find traditional and ethnic products, such as embroidered items, hand knitted woolen carpets, wood carvings, traditionally dyed fabrics, paintings and tie – dye beautiful products. Handicrafts of Barmer have today become a reason of prominent tourist attraction, with a wide range of quality traditional items that Barmer has to offer.