Sunday, November 10, 2019

Jaipur District


Jaipur District at a Glance

General
·                     District:                       Jaipur
·                     Headquarters:           Jaipur
·                     State:                           Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011) 
·                     Total:                          11143
·                     Rural:                         10353
·                     Urban:                        790
Population (Census 2011) 
·                     Population:                6626178
·                     Rural:                         3154331
·                     Urban:                        3471847
·                     Male:                          3468507
·                     Female:                      3157671
·                     Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males):         910
·                     Density (Total, Persons per sq km):            595
Constituencies (ECI) 
·                     Assembly:       19
·                     Lok Sabha:     2
Jaipur District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in Northern India. The city of Jaipur, which is Rajasthan's capital and largest city, is the district headquarters. It is the tenth most populous district in India (out of 640).
According to the 2011 census Jaipur district has a population of 6,663,971, roughly equal to the nation of Libya or the US state of Washington. This gives it a ranking of 10th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 598 inhabitants per sq. km. (1,550/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.91%. Jaipur has a sex ratio of 909 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.44%.


PLACES OF INTEREST


City Palace

City Palace, Jaipur
One of the historic landmarks of the city, City Palace is situated right at the center of the city and is made of grey-white marble stone. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II between 1729 and 1732 A.D. The king built the outer walls of the palace and his successors made the additions which continued till the 20th century.
City Palace includes the Chandra Mahal (palace) and the Mubarak Mahal (palace). At the entrance of the palace, there are two elephants made of marble that guard the passageway. Chandra Mahal houses a museum which has a rare collection of various types of Rajasthani dresses, Mughal armoury and Rajput weapons and swords of different shapes and sizes.
The museum also consists of an art gallery with a collection of paintings, royal belongings, carpets and astronomical works in Persian, Latin and Sanskrit, which were developed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II.

Jantar Mantar


Jantar Mantar, Jaipur

Jantar Mantar is one of Jai Singh's five striking observatories. Built with stone and marble, its perplexing instruments whose settings and shapes are exactly and logically outlined explain the medieval Indian Astronomy.
The Ram Yantras, utilized for measuring heights, are one-of-a-kind. This is the biggest of the five observatories established by Sawai Jai Singh II in India. It has been recorded in UNESCO world heritage sites.
Major Yantras or instruments that one can find here are: 'Dhruva', Small 'Samrat', 'Narivalya', The Observer's Seat, ‘Raj’, 'Unnathamsa', Small 'Kranti', 'Disha', 'Dakshina', Large 'Samrat', 'Rashivalayas', 'Jai Prakash', Small 'Smash', Large 'Slam Yantra', Small 'Smash', 'Diganta' and Large ‘Kranti’.

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal, Jaipur

Hawa Mahal, also known as ‘Palace of Winds’, was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799 A.D. Ustad Lal Chand was the designer of the palace.
The palace was designed in the form of Lord Krishna’s crown. There are 953 small windows in the palace, known as ‘Jharokhas’.
The reason for the king to build this palace was to let the royal ladies see the streets of the city and observe day-to-day life without being seen by any outsider.

Albert Hall

Albert Hall, Jaipur

Albert Hall is the oldest museum of Rajasthan and is located in Jaipur city. The Museum is located inside Ram Niwas Bagh opposite to New Gate.
It was designed by Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob and was built by Maharaja Ram Singh and was opened for general public in 1887. The museum is the finest example of Indo-Saracen architecture.
Maharaja Ram Singh wanted the place to be a Town Hall. His successor Raja Madho Singh II, however, decided to give it a shape of a museum and included the hall as a part of Ram Niwas Bagh. Albert hall is also known as “Government Central Museum”.
Jal Mahal

Jal Mahal, Jaipur


One of the biggest tourist attractions Jal Mahal, also known as ‘Water Palace’, is a palace situated in the middle of Man Sagar Lake.
Maharaja Jai Singh II renovated the place in the 18th century and utilized the palace as a hunting lodge. One can hire a boat from the shore and visit the palace.
Jal Mahal has beautifully decorated hallways on the first floor. The palace also houses a “Chameli Bagh”.
Across the lake, one can find hills, ancient forts and temples.

Amber Fort

Amber Fort, Jaipur

Also known as “Amer”, this place served as the capital for Kachhwaha Rajputs. The fort houses palaces, gardens, halls and temples which were built by Raja Man Singh, Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh. To reach the fort, there is a steep road.

It is a place of great tourist attraction wherein the tourists can hire elephants to reach the top of the fort. There is a Shila Mata temple in the premises of the Amer fort. The Idol of Shila Mata was brought from Jessore in East Bengal (now in Bangladesh) by Raja Man Singh.


Royal Entrance to Amber Fort

The palace has a pillared hall which is known as ‘Deewan-e-Aam’ and the ‘Ganesh Pole’. As we move further inside, there is a garden known as ‘Sukh Niwas’ and ‘Jas Mandir’. Jas Mandir is a fine example of the mix of Mughal architecture and Rajput designs. Raja Man Singh had built the older structures in the 16th century.

M P Birla Planetarium

M P Birla Planetarium

Equipped with the latest mechanized projection framework, the planetarium offers out-of-the-box audio-visual educational entertainment. A science museum is also a part of this.
The planetarium regularly holds sky-shows to drive out the heavenly myths, broadcast the basic ideas of Astronomy and also train the professionals to be glad about the splendour of the night sky. The topics include mysteries of cosmos, evolution of Earth, exploration of Mars and other planets. Interactive sessions are held after the sky-shows.

The planetarium organizes activities of ‘Amateur Astronomers Association’, which include astrophotography, telescope fabrication and organizing sky-watch sessions.


  
Galtaji

Galta ji Complex

Around 10 km away from Jaipur city, Galtaji is a pilgrimage for Hindus in a village called Khaniya-Balaji. There are a number of temples around Galtaji amidst the hills which surround Jaipur city.
There is a natural spring which emerges from the top of the hill filling a number of sacred Ponds (kunds) in which the pilgrim take a holy bath.
From the temple located at the hilltop, one can see the mesmerising view of Jaipur city. It is said that Galtaji was named after a Saint “Galav”, who used to live here and practice meditation and performed “Tapasya”.

Laxmi Narayan Temple (Birla Mandir)

Laxmi Narayan Temple

Laxmi Narayan temple, also known as ‘Birla temple’, is situated at the foot of the hill of Moti Doongri.
It is a temple made of white marble and is another place of tourist attraction in the city.

Nahargarh Fort

Part view of Nahargarh Fort

Nahargarh fort is located beyond the hills of Jaigarh fort. It is believed that Nahargarh was once the royal residence of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Nahargarh stands on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, overlooking the pink city of Jaipur. The view of the city from the fort is impressive. Along with Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh once formed a strong defense ring for the city.
The fort was originally named Sudarshangarh, but it became known as Nahargarh, which means 'abode of tigers'.
Most of the part of the fort is in ruins now though the buildings constructed by Sawai Ram Singh II and Sawai Madho Singh II still exist.


Sargasuli

Sargasuli


Sargasuli is also known as ‘IsarLat’. It is a tower which was built by Maharaja Ishwari Singh as a memorable after one of his victories.


Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh defeated Madho Singh in the battle. The war took place because of some internal disputes between Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh and Madho Singh.
The tower was built as a sign of victory. You can have a look at the whole Jaipur city from this tower as it is situated at the heart of the city. Jaipur is a harmonious blend of culture, education and religion.

Sargasuli is the highest building of Jaipur and is situated on the western side of Tripolia Bazaar.

Govind Devji Temple

Govind Dev ji Temple


At the center of the sprawling Jai Niwas Garden towards the north of the Chandra Mahal is the temple of Lord Krishna.
The temple doesn’t have any towers to support the roof which makes it a building of utmost attraction for the tourists.
The idol of Govind Devji, initially introduced in a temple of Vrindavan, was reinstalled here by Sawai Jai Singh-II as his family god.

Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh


Sisodia Rani Palace

Along the street to Agra through a thin gauge in the southern eastern corner of the walled city, a few gardens were built by the Kings in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
The biggest and the most renowned is the garden built by Sawai jai Singh II for his Sisodia queen. It comprises of layered multilevel gardens with fountains and painted pavilions.

Jaigarh Fort


Jaigarh Fort

Jaigarh fort is located on the cape called ‘Cheel ka Teela’ on the Aravali hills. The fort was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1726 A.D. It was built with the vision of securing Amer Fort from enemy attacks and is also known as ‘Victory Fort’.
The total length of Jaigarh fort is around 3 km from north to south and has a width of around 1 km. It is one of the few military structures of Medieval India.
It houses royal residences, gardens, open and secured water reservoirs, a silo, an arsenal, an all around arranged gun foundry, a few temples, a tall tower and a monster-mounted cannon – The Jai Ban - the biggest in the nation.

Gaitore

Gaitore

Located off the Jaipur-Amber street, Gaitore is the last resting place for the Maharajas of Jaipur. Set in a valley, the cenotaphs of the previous rulers comprise of Chhatri or umbrella-molded commemorations.
The most special one is Jai Singh's Chhatri because of the carvings that have been utilized to adorn it.

Moti Doongri

Moti Dungri Fort & Palace

It is believed to be a replica of a Scottish castle and exists on the hilltop. This place is believed to be once a residence of Maharani Gayatri Devi. It is also said that Maharaja Madho Singh’s son had occupied this place in the past.


Vidyadharji ka Bagh
Vidyadhar ji ka bagh


Vidyadhar Ji ka Bagh is located at Ghat ki Guni. One of Jaipur's best-preserved gardens, this picturesque garden is aesthetically designed and was built in the memory of Jaipur's chief Architect, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. Apart from the crystal waters, the tranquil lakes, flower beds and well-maintained gardens, the Vidyadhar Garden has a lot to offer. Nestled in the lap of a popular valley in Jaipur, the garden offers a panoramic view of the city and is the pride of Jaipur's significant heritage and culture. The garden was strategically built to the decrees of the ancient 'Shilpa Shasthra' and is situated close to the Sisodia gardens.

The garden is the perfect amalgamation of contemporary Hindu and Mughal styles with its wonderful, sylvan lakes, terraced lawns, fountains and the majestic pavilions that house Lord Krishna's murals and paintings. Managed by the Government of Rajasthan, the Vidyadhar Garden is a vast expanse of imperial architecture and dazzling greenery. Presently, the place is used to host private get-togethers.

Hathi Gaon (Elephant Village)


Hathi Gaon

Hathi Gaon is located at the foot of the Amber palace hills. The place was built for the elephants of the king and their Mahouts.
The design involved first structuring the landscape first to create a series of water bodies to harvest the rain runoff, as this is the most crucial resource in the desert climate of Rajasthan. The idea of the site planning was to mould a structure and system that would help regenerate the landscape in a decade to approximate the tropical landscapes that are the natural habitat for elephants.

Samode Palace


Samode Palace

Nestled in the Aravalli Hills, Samode Palace is located at a distance of 40 km from Jaipur city. The palace is known to feature a unique blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture. Also, the palace boasts some of the finest frescoes and mirror-work that can be seen in the entire state. This 500- year old palace holds the essence of the rich and glorious heritage of the country till today. The palace has been featured in a number of Bollywood and Hollywood Movies.
Samode Palace is counted among India’s most beautiful and romantic heritage hotels in India. The palace hotel is known to offer a tranquil and luxurious ambience. The hotel is also famous for its modern hospitality, accommodation, services, cuisine and amenities. Guests get to indulge in activities like elephant polo, camel safari, horse safari and jeep safari.

Sambhar
Sambhar is one of the popular tourist destinations of the district. It is located at a distance of 94 km from the main city. The place was ruled by many rulers in the past like Rajputs, Sindhias, Marathas and Mughals. It is famous for its good quality salt and is considered to be one of the perfect destinations for visitors for rejuvenation. The place houses Shakambhari Devi temple, Sambhar Palace, Devayani Pond and a small town Naliasar.


Sambhar Lake

Famous Sambhar Lake is also a part of this place which is the main source of salt for the State and for the country. It was leased to the British by the rulers of Jaipur and Jodhpur in 1870 and after Independence it came directly under the State government’s ownership. 

Presently, the lake is managed by ‘Sambhar Salts Limited’, owned jointly by Hindustan Salts and the Government of Rajasthan.

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