Kota District at a Glance
· District: Kota
· Headquarters: Kota
· State: Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
· Total: 5217
· Rural: 4590
· Urban: 627
Population (Census 2011)
· Population: 1951014
· Rural: 774410
· Urban: 1176604
· Male: 1021161
· Female: 929853
· Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males): 911
· Density (Total, Persons per sq km): 374
· Assembly: 6
· Lok Sabha: 1
Kota District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city of Kota is the administrative headquarters of the district.
During the period around 12th century AD, Rao Deva, a Hada Chieftain conquered the territory and founded Bundi and Hadoti. In the early 17th century AD, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, the ruler of Bundi -Rao Ratan Singh, gave the smaller principality of Kota to his son, Madho Singh. Since then Kota became a hallmark of the Rajput gallantry and culture. In Pre Independence days social activist Guru Radha Kishan worked here along with other prominent freedom fighters and organised people against insane policies of the government. He left Kota after local administration came to know about the arrest warrant issued against him for his activities for freedom movement.
The district is bounded on the north by Bundi District, on the east by Baran District, on the south by Jhalawar District, and on the west by Chittorgarh District. It is renowned for its IIT JEE preparation as well as medical exams preparation . It is now the hub of educational institutions and is home to Asia's biggest manufacturer of fertilizer.
Further, Kota is surrounded by four power stations within its 50 km radius. First is Rajasthan atomic power plant which is an atomic power plant and is very near to Kota at a place called Rawatbhata and is situated at a place called Rawatbhata in the Chittorgarh District. Second is Kota Thermal Power plant which generates power from coal and is situated at the bank of Chambal river and is within Kota city. Third is Anta Gas Power plant which generates power from gas and is situated at a place called Anta in the Baran District. and the fourth is Jawahar Sagar Power plant which is a hydraulic power plant.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Maharao Madho Singh Museum
To preserve the rich cultural and architectural heritage of the city a number of palaces have been converted into museums. Maharao Madho Singh Museum is located in the old magnificent palace. On your trip to Kota do not miss this museum, as it is definitely one of the best museums in the state of Rajasthan.
The exquisite sculptures, frescoes, and murals present a breathtaking view. The armoury section of the museum is amazing with numerous varieties of arms like swords, knives, bows and arrow, pistols, rifles etc. The museum also exhibits some of the creative things that were used by the erstwhile rulers of Kota.
One of the main attractions of Maharao Madho Singh Museum at Kota is the huge collection of Rajput miniature paintings belonging to the Kota school of art. The museum was a palace in the past where the rulers of Kota used to live and rule the kingdom. The museum has derived its name from the son of the ruler of Bundi who was declared as the first ruler of Kota by Jahangir, the Mughal emperor.
The historical city of Kota was once a part of the former Rajput kingdom of Bundi. The magnificent cultural heritage of the place is quite evident through its beautiful palaces, temples and museums. While viewing the exhibits of Maharao Madho Singh Museum we get a wonderful glance into the splendor and history of the place. The museum is closed for visitors on Fridays and holidays declared by the state.
Jawahar Sagar Dam
Built in the year of 1972, Jawahar Sagar Dam is part of the chain of dams constructed under the Chambal Valley Project. Erected over the mighty River Chambal, Jawahar Sagar Dam is an important multipurpose dam of the region of Kota that serves several important functions.
Situated at a short distance of 29 km upstream and 26 km downstream from the Kota city and Rana Pratap Sagar Dam respectively, Jawahar Sagar Dam produces a total power of 60 MW from the 3 units of 33 MW each. Apart from being a major source of producing power and electricity, Jawahar Sagar Dam releases excess water during times of natural calamities of drought. The excess water is used for agricultural and drinking purposes by the local inhabitants of the city of Kota and the neighboring areas.
Made up of concrete, Jawahar Sagar Dam has a height of 45 meters and is spread over 393 meters. Jawahar Sagar Dam has a catchment area of 27, 195 km ² and provides relief to the people of the area during times of severe water shortage. The Jawahar Sagar Dam is an important hallmark of the state of Rajasthan which plays various roles.
Apart from serving the local inhabitants with water, Jawahar Sagar Dam draws several visitors who are enchanted and enthralled with the engineering marvel of the modern times. Jawahar Sagar Dam offers the tourists with unique opportunities to enjoy boating in the fast flowing water of the Dam. The dam is also a major source for Pisciculture.
Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary
The Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary that lies at a distance of 50 Km. from the city. The wildlife sanctuary in Kota was earlier a prominent hunting ground for the kings of the region who engaged in the royal game of hunting the tigers and deer that earlier had made the dense forests of the region their abode.
The forest area along with the wildlife has now depleted over the years. Yet the visit to the Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary will present to its visitors a glance of the spotted deer and the antelopes that still reside in the region.
The region is of historic value as well as the forest was used by several warring dynasties as a pass to travel to the state of Madhya Pradesh. The name Darrah is interpreted as the 'pass' in the local language revealing the purpose that the region served earlier. The Marathas, Rajputs and the British utilized the opportune position of the forest to seek asylum during the war.
The Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan presently stretches over 250 square km. of land and is home to the ferocious animals like the sambhars, panthers, leopards, bears and wild boars. Spotted deer and antelopes also reside in the sanctuary. A visit from Kota to Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary would require the permission of the local forest ranger or the district forest officer in Kota.
Located at the bank of river Chambal, the Chambal Garden is one of the most beautiful picnic spots in the Indian city of Kota. Visitors can enjoy peace in the lap of exquisite greenery while in this city.
The major attraction of the Chambal Garden in Kota is the wonderful pond situated just in the middle of the greenery. This pond, full of crocodiles, attracts a large number of tourists to this place during the winter months. This muddy pond can be crossed by shaky bridge suspended at a very low height.
There are also many alligators (gharials) found in this murky pond. They are the thin and snouted crocodiles living on fishes. These creatures attract many adventure picnickers to the Chambal Garden located in Kota.
The nature lovers can also spend the day studying the thousands of plant species that are present to add life to this place. There are some plants that are typical of this region and are of much interest to the students and researchers of botany. Thus it can also prove to be a wonderful place for study tours.
It is best to visit the Chambal Garden of Kota during the winter months.
The Kota barrage dam is part of the irrigation canal system on the river Chambal. This is a popular spot especially when the floodgates are let open to allow extra water to flow off.
Seven Wonder Park
This park houses the famous wonders of the world in miniature form. Situated in Ballabhbari, bordering Sarovar, Seven Wonders of the world are being raised in a single park in Kota. A single visit to this park will give you a glimpse of the Seven Wonders of the World at one place.
Replicas of Seven Wonders
Taj Mahal, Great Pyramid of Giza, Brazil's Christ the Redeemer, Eiffel Tower of Paris, Leaning Tower of Pisa, New York's Statue of Liberty, Rome's Colosseum.
Khade Ganesh Ji Temple
This Lord Ganesh temple is situated in the southern part of the city. The uniqueness of this place is that this sort of temple where the LORD GANESH is standing is nowhere else in India. You can also visit Rangbadi Balaji temple on the way.
Kota Government Museum
This museum is located in the Brij Vilas Palace near Kishore Sagar in the state of Rajasthan. The Museum is open from 10.00 to 5 PM and the entrance fee is Rs.2/-. It is closed on every Friday and Government holidays. Inside the museum photography is prohibited but there is a provision of receiving permission from the Director of Archaeology and Museums, Jaipur. The museum portrays the rich cultural heritage of the state.
Kota occupies an eminent place in the history, as it was a part of the Rajput kingdom of Bundi, which was later declared an independent state in the year 1624, when Jahangir, the Mughal emperor defeated its rulers.
Kota Government Museum in Kota has an exceptional collection reminding us of the bygone era. The wonderful collection comprises of sculptures, rare coins and manuscripts, selection of Hadoti sculpture. Among all the exhibits in the museum, the sculpture brought from Baroli, is the most remarkable item on display. The beautiful statue is exquisitely carved and is important because of its historical importance.