Saturday, August 10, 2019

Karauli District


Karauli District at a Glance
General
·         District:                       Karauli
·         Headquarters:            Karauli
·         State:                         Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011) 
·         Total:                          5524
·         Rural:                         5431
·         Urban:                        93
Population (Census 2011) 
·         Population:                 1458248
·         Rural:                         1240143
·         Urban:                        218105
·         Male:                          783639
·         Female:                      674609
·         Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males):          861
·         Density (Total, Persons per sq km):              264
Constituencies (ECI) 
·         Assembly:      4
·         Lok Sabha:    1

Karauli District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. Karauli town is the district headquarters. The District comes under Bharatpur Divisional commissionerate. Karauli is famous for popular red-stone.
The population of the district is 1,458,248 (2011 census), indicating a population density is 264 persons per km2.
The district of Karauli encompasses an area of 5043 km2. It is bordered by Dholpur District to the east; Bharatpur District to the north-east; Dausa District to the north; and Sawai Madhopur District to the west.
The Chambal River forms the south-eastern boundary of the district, 5 km from Mandrayal across which lies the state of Madhya Pradesh. While almost the entire district is covered by hills and ravines, there are no lofty peaks, the highest having an elevation of less than 1400 feet above sea level.
Good grade stone and some iron ore comprise the mineral resources of the area.
Karauli is one of the holiest cities of India with more than 300 temples.

PLACES OF INTEREST




Kaila Devi Temple





Kaila Devi Temple is a Hindu temple situated 23 km from Karauli and 37 km from Gangapur City in the Rajasthan state in India. The temple is located on the banks of the Kalisil River, a tributary of the Banas River in the hills of Trikut, 2 km to the north-west of Kaila village. The temple is dedicated to the tutelary deity, goddess Kaila Devi, of the erstwhile princely Jadaun Rajput rulers of the Karauli state. It is a marble structure with a large courtyard of a checkered floor. In one place are a number of red flags planted by devotees.





Madan Mohan Ji Temple





Madan Mohan is a form of the Hindu god, Krishna. Krishna is celebrated as Madan Mohan, who mesmerizes everyone. His consort Radha is glorified as Madan Mohan's Mohini, the mesmerizer of the mesmerizer for spiritual aspirants. Radha is known as the mediator without whom access to Krishna is not possible. Originally from Shri Vrindavan, Madan Mohan ji went to Amer in Jaipur with Raja Sawai Jai Singh II - the founder of Jaipur and from there was brought to Karauli in Rajasthan by Maharaj Gopal Singh after he conquered the battle of Daulatabad.



Mehandipur Balaji Temple




Mehandipur Balaji Mandir is a mandir in the Indian state of Rajasthan dedicated to the Hindu God Hanuman. The name Balaji is applied to Sri Hanuman in several parts of India because the childhood (Bala in Hindi or Sanskrit) form of the Lord is especially celebrated there. It is important to note that the temple is not dedicated to Balaji - another name for Krishna. Unlike similar religious sites it is located in a town rather than the countryside. Its reputation for ritualistic healing and exorcism of evil spirits attracts many pilgrims from Rajasthan and elsewhere.




Shri Mahavir Ji Temple




Shri Mahaveer Ji Temple is in Hindaun City, Karauli district in Rajasthan, India. Earlier known as Chandanpur, this small village became famous as a Jain religious site after an ancient idol of Mahaveer was excavated from its soil several hundred years ago. It was then renamed as Shri Mahaveer Ji. This idol was excavated over 200 years ago from the same spot, where the temple was constructed. Thousands of worshipers flock from across India to catch a glimpse of this famous statue.




Nakkash Ki Devi - Gomti Dham

 Nakkash Ki Devi - Gomti Dham Temple is in Hindaun City, Karauli district in Rajasthan. Nakkash Ki Devi is a Hindu Devi Temple of Durga Mata and Gomti Dham is a Temple and Vatika (ashram) of Gomti Dass Ji Maharaj.




Bhanwar Vilas Palace






Maharaja Ganesh Pal Deo Bahadur, the great monarch of Karauli, got the ancient fortress built in the year 1938. It was preordained to function as the palatial house of the old regal family. Classical buildings with royal panache and antique historical fittings in the spacious interiors are some of the main basic qualities of the Bhanwar Vilas Palace. Recently partially transformed into a rich heritage hotel, it still privately accommodates the wealthy imperial clan of Karauli.




Kaila Devi Sanctuary

The Kaila Devi Wildlife Sanctuary begins right near the temple and runs along both sides of the road all the way to Karanpur, and further on to join the Ranthambhore National Park. Chinkaras, nilgai, jackals and leopards are to be found here, as are birds such as sandpipers and kingfishers.



City Palace



Arjun Pal built the palace, along with the town, in the 14th century. However, little or nothing of the original can now be seen. What you do see is the structure erected by Raja Gopal Singh in the 18th century. He chose to adopt the Delhi style of architecture – the abundance of red sandstone in Karauli, similar to that used in Delhi, made the rendering easy. The more embellished additions came in the 19th century. White and off-white stones have been used very appropriately, painted upon with bright blues, reds, browns and oranges. From the terrace atop the palace, you can see the town laid out by the River Bhadrawati below, and the ravines and hills beyond.


Chhatri of Raja Gopal Singh

The chhatri of Raja Gopal Singh, outside the Nadi Gate leading out of the palace to the river below, is stunningly adorned with frescoes. Dayanand Saraswati, the 19th century reformer and founder of the Arya Samaj, is said to have given a sermon here.



Dev Giri Fort




Located 70 km from the district headquarters near Karanpur Untgiri, Durg devgiri is historical.


Gufa Temple

Gufa temple is believed to be the original temple of Kaila Devi. The native and foreign tourists are requested not to venture into this region as this forest area is dotted with wild animals. This temple falls under the jungle of the Ranthambore. The devotees walk nearly 8–10 km from the town in order to reach this temple and have darshan.


Timangarh Fort



Timangarh Fort is located in the proximity of Karauli, in the Masalpur sub-tehsil. According to historians, the fort was built in 1100 AD but was destroyed soon after by an attack. In 1244 AD, Raja Timanpal, the scion of Vijay Pal, a Yaduwanshi ruler, reconstructed the fort. A museum of architecture with architectural sculptures is a precious treasure of the fort.
It is believed that there are ancient ashtadhatu as well as stone idols and sculptures hidden under the temples of the fort complex. Visitors can also see the religious, geometrical and flower patterned carvings on the rooftops and pillars of the temples. These pillars are also adorned with carvings of several gods and goddesses.
Ancient records discovered at the site corroborate the belief that the fort was occupied by Mohammad Gouri's forces from 1196 to 1244 AD. There is a Sagar Lake at the side of the fort, which is believed to have a Paras stone at its bottom.



Ramathra Fort




Ramathra Fort is situated in Sapotra in the Karauli District of Rajasthan. The fort is located between Keoladeo Ghana Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur and Ranthambore Tiger Reserve in Sawai Madhopur. At a distance of 15 km from the fort is located Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary. Within its premises, the attractions are the fort, the lake and countryside.
Maharaja of Karauli granted the fort as jagir (fiefdom) in 1645 AD to Thakur Bhoj Pal, his son. The fort is currently managed by Thakur Brijendra Raj Pal and his family. Within the fort lie Ganesh Mandir and Shiva Mandir that houses a marble idol of Lord Shiva displaying the craftsmanship of the early 18th century.
From the fort, tourists can enjoy the views of the farmland, rugged scrub of the Daang Plateau, Kalisil Lake and its irrigation canal. The lake is visited by numerous water birds from the nearby Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. Owing to its location in part of a green farming belt in the Kalisil River Valley, the area around the fort abounds with greenery.




Amargarh Fort




Amargarh Fort is located on a hill top in the village of Amargarh in Rajasthan. This 250-year-old fort was built under the supervision of Raja Amar Mal, after whom it was named. The fort is surrounded with greenery and a field of local crops. Moreover, tourists visiting the fort can also view the forests and mountains all around it.

Friday, August 9, 2019

Kota District


Kota District at a Glance
General
·         District:                       Kota
·         Headquarters:            Kota
·         State:                         Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011) 
·         Total:                          5217
·         Rural:                         4590
·         Urban:                        627
Population (Census 2011) 
·         Population:                 1951014
·         Rural:                         774410
·         Urban:                        1176604
·         Male:                          1021161
·         Female:                      929853
·         Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males):          911
·         Density (Total, Persons per sq km):              374
Constituencies (ECI) 
·         Assembly:      6
·         Lok Sabha:    1
Kota District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city of Kota is the administrative headquarters of the district.
During the period around 12th century AD, Rao Deva, a Hada Chieftain conquered the territory and founded Bundi and Hadoti. In the early 17th century AD, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, the ruler of Bundi -Rao Ratan Singh, gave the smaller principality of Kota to his son, Madho Singh. Since then Kota became a hallmark of the Rajput gallantry and culture. In Pre Independence days social activist Guru Radha Kishan worked here along with other prominent freedom fighters and organised people against insane policies of the government. He left Kota after local administration came to know about the arrest warrant issued against him for his activities for freedom movement.
The district is bounded on the north by Bundi District, on the east by Baran District, on the south by Jhalawar District, and on the west by Chittorgarh District. It is renowned for its IIT JEE preparation as well as medical exams preparation . It is now the hub of educational institutions and is home to Asia's biggest manufacturer of fertilizer.
Further, Kota is surrounded by four power stations within its 50 km radius. First is Rajasthan atomic power plant which is an atomic power plant and is very near to Kota at a place called Rawatbhata and is situated at a place called Rawatbhata in the Chittorgarh District. Second is Kota Thermal Power plant which generates power from coal and is situated at the bank of Chambal river and is within Kota city. Third is Anta Gas Power plant which generates power from gas and is situated at a place called Anta in the Baran District. and the fourth is Jawahar Sagar Power plant which is a hydraulic power plant.

PLACES OF INTEREST



Maharao Madho Singh Museum





To preserve the rich cultural and architectural heritage of the city a number of palaces have been converted into museums. Maharao Madho Singh Museum is located in the old magnificent palace. On your trip to Kota do not miss this museum, as it is definitely one of the best museums in the state of Rajasthan.
The exquisite sculptures, frescoes, and murals present a breathtaking view. The armoury section of the museum is amazing with numerous varieties of arms like swords, knives, bows and arrow, pistols, rifles etc. The museum also exhibits some of the creative things that were used by the erstwhile rulers of Kota.
One of the main attractions of Maharao Madho Singh Museum at Kota is the huge collection of Rajput miniature paintings belonging to the Kota school of art. The museum was a palace in the past where the rulers of Kota used to live and rule the kingdom. The museum has derived its name from the son of the ruler of Bundi who was declared as the first ruler of Kota by Jahangir, the Mughal emperor.
The historical city of Kota was once a part of the former Rajput kingdom of Bundi. The magnificent cultural heritage of the place is quite evident through its beautiful palaces, temples and museums. While viewing the exhibits of Maharao Madho Singh Museum we get a wonderful glance into the splendor and history of the place. The museum is closed for visitors on Fridays and holidays declared by the state.

Jawahar Sagar Dam

Built in the year of 1972, Jawahar Sagar Dam is part of the chain of dams constructed under the Chambal Valley Project. Erected over the mighty River Chambal, Jawahar Sagar Dam is an important multipurpose dam of the region of Kota that serves several important functions.
Situated at a short distance of 29 km upstream and 26 km downstream from the Kota city and Rana Pratap Sagar Dam respectively, Jawahar Sagar Dam produces a total power of 60 MW from the 3 units of 33 MW each. Apart from being a major source of producing power and electricity, Jawahar Sagar Dam releases excess water during times of natural calamities of drought. The excess water is used for agricultural and drinking purposes by the local inhabitants of the city of Kota and the neighboring areas.
Made up of concrete, Jawahar Sagar Dam has a height of 45 meters and is spread over 393 meters. Jawahar Sagar Dam has a catchment area of 27, 195 km ² and provides relief to the people of the area during times of severe water shortage. The Jawahar Sagar Dam is an important hallmark of the state of Rajasthan which plays various roles.
Apart from serving the local inhabitants with water, Jawahar Sagar Dam draws several visitors who are enchanted and enthralled with the engineering marvel of the modern times. Jawahar  Sagar Dam offers the tourists with unique opportunities to enjoy boating in the fast flowing water of the Dam. The dam is also a major source for Pisciculture.

Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary


The Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary that lies at a distance of 50 Km. from the city. The wildlife sanctuary in Kota was earlier a prominent hunting ground for the kings of the region who engaged in the royal game of hunting the tigers and deer that earlier had made the dense forests of the region their abode.
The forest area along with the wildlife has now depleted over the years. Yet the visit to the Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary will present to its visitors a glance of the spotted deer and the antelopes that still reside in the region.
The region is of historic value as well as the forest was used by several warring dynasties as a pass to travel to the state of Madhya Pradesh. The name Darrah is interpreted as the 'pass' in the local language revealing the purpose that the region served earlier. The Marathas, Rajputs and the British utilized the opportune position of the forest to seek asylum during the war.
The Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan presently stretches over 250 square km. of land and is home to the ferocious animals like the sambhars, panthers, leopards, bears and wild boars. Spotted deer and antelopes also reside in the sanctuary. A visit from Kota to Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary would require the permission of the local forest ranger or the district forest officer in Kota.
Chambal Garden


Located at the bank of river Chambal, the Chambal Garden is one of the most beautiful picnic spots in the Indian city of Kota. Visitors can enjoy peace in the lap of exquisite greenery while in this city.
The major attraction of the Chambal Garden in Kota is the wonderful pond situated just in the middle of the greenery. This pond, full of crocodiles, attracts a large number of tourists to this place during the winter months. This muddy pond can be crossed by shaky bridge suspended at a very low height.
There are also many alligators (gharials) found in this murky pond. They are the thin and snouted crocodiles living on fishes. These creatures attract many adventure picnickers to the Chambal Garden located in Kota.
The nature lovers can also spend the day studying the thousands of plant species that are present to add life to this place. There are some plants that are typical of this region and are of much interest to the students and researchers of botany. Thus it can also prove to be a wonderful place for study tours.
It is best to visit the Chambal Garden of Kota during the winter months.

Kota Barrage


The Kota barrage dam is part of the irrigation canal system on the river Chambal. This is a popular spot especially when the floodgates are let open to allow extra water to flow off.

Seven Wonder Park

This park houses the famous wonders of the world in miniature form. Situated in Ballabhbari, bordering Sarovar, Seven Wonders of the world are being raised in a single park in Kota. A single visit to this park will give you a glimpse of the Seven Wonders of the World at one place.
Replicas of Seven Wonders
Taj Mahal, Great Pyramid of Giza, Brazil's Christ the Redeemer, Eiffel Tower of Paris, Leaning Tower of Pisa, New York's Statue of Liberty, Rome's Colosseum.

Khade Ganesh Ji Temple

This Lord Ganesh temple is situated in the southern part of the city. The uniqueness of this place is that this sort of temple where the LORD GANESH is standing is nowhere else in India. You can also visit Rangbadi Balaji temple on the way.


Kota Government Museum


This museum is located in the Brij Vilas Palace near Kishore Sagar in the state of Rajasthan. The Museum is open from 10.00 to 5 PM and the entrance fee is Rs.2/-. It is closed on every Friday and Government holidays. Inside the museum photography is prohibited but there is a provision of receiving permission from the Director of Archaeology and Museums, Jaipur. The museum portrays the rich cultural heritage of the state.
Kota occupies an eminent place in the history, as it was a part of the Rajput kingdom of Bundi, which was later declared an independent state in the year 1624, when Jahangir, the Mughal emperor defeated its rulers.
Kota Government Museum in Kota has an exceptional collection reminding us of the bygone era. The wonderful collection comprises of sculptures, rare coins and manuscripts, selection of Hadoti sculpture. Among all the exhibits in the museum, the sculpture brought from Baroli, is the most remarkable item on display. The beautiful statue is exquisitely carved and is important because of its historical importance.