Rajsamand District at a Glance
· District: Rajsamand
· Headquarters: Rajsamand
· State: Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
· Total: 4655
· Rural: 4489
· Urban: 166
Population (Census 2011)
· Population: 1156597
· Rural: 972777
· Urban: 183820
· Male: 581339
· Female: 575258
· Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males): 990
· Density (Total, Persons per sq km): 248
· Assembly: 4
· Lok Sabha: 1
Rajsamand District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The town of Rajnagar is the district headquarters. The city and district are named for Rajsamand Lake, an artificial lake created in the 17th century by Rana Raj Singh of Mewar. The district was carved out from Udaipur district on 10 April 1991. The district has an area of 4,768 km². The Aravalli Range forms the northwestern boundary of the district, across which lies Pali District. Ajmer District lies to the north, Bhilwara District to the northeast and east, Chittorgarh District to the southeast, and Udaipur District to the south.
PLACES OF INTEREST
At the Northern edge of Mewar, Dewair is situated between the mountain ranges spread in close proximity of Kumbhalgarh and Madaria. In the olden times, it had been under the domination of different tribes from Mer to Deora Rajputs.
Maharana Pratap made the adventurous military campaigns of the Mughal ruler ineffective by resorting to gorilla warfare. On the auspicious occasion of Vijaya Dashmi, in 1852, he was crowned with historic victory, which led to the automatic liquidation of all 36 Moghul military outposts in Mewar. After this humiliating defeat, Akbar stopped his military campaigns against Mewar.
The victory of Dewair was a crowning glory for Maharana Pratap. Col. James Tod described Dewair as "Marathon of Mewar" in his famous book "Anals and Antiquities of Rajputana".A very beautiful victory Memorial on Maharana Pratap was inaugurated by H.E. President of India, Smt. Pratibh Devi Singh Patil on 10.01.2012.
64 Km North West of Udaipur and birthplace of Maharana Pratap, Kumbhalgarh is the second most important citadel of Mewar after Chittorgarh. The Aravali ranges protect this impregnable fortress. Thirteen mountain peaks surround it. It is built on the top-most ridges, 914 meters above sea level. Seven huge and imposing gates stand like sentinels at the approaches and seven ramparts, one being folded within another with crenelated walls strengthened by rounded bastions and immense watch towers, make this an impregnable mountain fortress. It was built by Rana Kumbha (1419-63). It's serpentine 36 kilometres long wall is thick and broad enough for eight horses to ride abreast. This wall is second only to the 'Great Wall of China'. There are 360 temples within the fortress, out of which a Shiva temple placed with huge 'SHIVALINGA' makes it worth visiting.
Rajsamand City & lake
The town of Rajsamand is the district headquarters. The city and district are named for Rajsamand Lake, an artificial lake created in the 17th century by Rana Raj Singh of Mewar. The district had been constituted on 10 April, 1991 from Udaipur district. Rajsamand District is part of the Mewar region, and was historically part of the Kingdom of Mewar, also known as the Kingdom of Udaipur. Maharana Raj Singh an able administrator of the fifth generation of Maharana Pratap constructed Rajsamand Lake in 1662 AD, which is a beautiful example of sculpture and public utility works. The banks known as "Nouchoki" consist of 25 carved stone 'RAJ PRASHASHTI' the longest stone inscription in Sanskrit in the world. The stairs, footrest, artistic gates and 'Mandaps' are made of beautiful carved marble and the sculpture imparts a new look every time. The whole construction is based on the number 9 which is considered to be the absolute number in Hindu philosophy & mythology. It took 14 years for completion and cost more than 12.5 million rupees at that time.
The mountain pass is historically a very significant location. It is the site of the famous Battle of Haldighati, which took place in 1576 between the Kingdom of Mewar and the Mughal Army led by king Mansingh. Maharana Pratap led the armed forces of Mewar against the Mughals who fought under the command of Mughal emperor Akbar's general Man Singh I of Amer. Haldighati is also world famous for its charity rose product and the mud art of Molela . Much emphasis is being laid for promoting a private cottage industry by the Department of Tourism.