Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Hanumangarh District

Hanumangarh District at a Glance

·                     District:                       Hanumangarh
·                     Headquarters:           Hanumangarh
·                     State:                          Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011) 
·                     Total:                          9656
·                     Rural:                         958
·                     Urban:                        74
Population (Census 2011) 
·                     Population:               1774692
·                     Rural:                         1424228
·                     Urban:                       350464
·                     Male:                          931184
·                     Female:                      843508
·                     Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males):                     906
·                     Density (Total, Persons per sq km):                        184
Constituencies (ECI) 
·                     Assembly:       5
·                     Lok Sabha:     0

The city of Hanumangarh is the district headquarters and its largest city.
The district is located in the extreme north of Rajasthan. It is bounded on the north by Punjab state, on the east by Haryana state, on the south by Churu District of Rajasthan, and on the west by Ganganagar District of Rajasthan. The major work in the district is farming; major crops include rice, millet, cotton, sonamukhi (senna), wheat, and vegetables. It has been the food basket of Rajasthan along with Shri Ganga Nagar, and with best agricultural land. This is the 31st district of Rajasthan. It was made a district on 12 July 1994 by carving out from Sri Ganganagar district. Earlier it was one of the Tehsils of Sri Ganganagar district.

The district contains the archaeological site of Kalibangan (Indus Valley Civilization), and Pallu. It is also known as Punjab of Rajasthan because of majority of Punjabi people in the district.
Hanumangarh also has Bhatner Fort which is considered to be one of the oldest forts of India.


Bhatner Fort

The Bhatner Fort, otherwise known as the Hanumangarh Fort, is located on the banks of the River Gaggar in the centre of Hanumangarh. It is five kilometres from Hanumangarh Junction Railway Station and 230 km north-east of Bikaner, in the extreme northern part of Rajasthan.
Believed to be over 1700 years old, it is considered to be one of the oldest Indian forts. The earlier name of Hanumangarh was Bhatner that was once ruled by the Bhatti Rajputs. In 295 AD, Bhupat, son of Jailsamer’s King Bhatti built this strong fort. Since then, rulers like Timur, Ghaznavis, Prithihvi Raj Chauhan, Akbar, Qutub-ud-din-Aibak and Rathores had captured this fort.
The strength of this fort has been mentioned in the autobiography written by Timur called “Tuzuk- e- Timuri.” Even Mughal Emperor Akbar described this fortification in his book “Ain- I- Akbari”.

This fort stands in the path of invasion of India from Central Asia and had acted as a strong barricade against attacks of the enemies. Finally, in 1805, the Bhattis were defeated at Bhatner by Bikaner’s Raja Surat Singh. Since this conquest occurred on Tuesday, which is considered as the day of Lord Hanuman, the king changed the name of Bhatner to Hanumangarh.
The Bhatner Fort rests on somewhat elevated land with gigantic barricades. It has many towering gates surrounding the fort and many big rounded bastions that stand at intervals. While following the orders of the Mughal ruler, Rao Manohar Kachchhawa erected another grand gate of this fort.

Bhatner Fort Entrance

The entire foundation includes 52 kunds that were used to store rainwater that would suffice a huge battalion for a year. Throughout the fort gracefully designed minarets were located that were replaced when the fort was renovated.

Inside the fort there are many temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Lord Hanuman. There are three statues, which bear inscriptions, and an ancient building called “Jain Pasara” is situated inside the fort.

Side view of Bhatner Fort

This fort has been mostly popular for its invincibility as after repeated attempts by various clans only few could gain control over this fort. Maharaj Jait Singh of Bikaner captured this fort in 1527, which was finally captured by Surat Singh in 1805, after going through many annexations between the Kingdom of Bikaner and the Mughals.

There is also a tomb inside this fort, where Sher Khan is kept. Sher Khan was the nephew of Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din-Balban (1266 - 1290) as well as the Governor of the Fort.

Temple of Shri Gogaji

At a distance of about 120 km from the city of Hanumangarh and two kilometres from the railway station of Gogamedi, the temple of Shri Gogaji is located. This temple is presided over by Gugga Jahar Peer who is more popularly known as Shri Gogaji.
This spiritual guru was born in the Rajput dynasty of Chauhans in Dadrewa village of the Churu Distict, approximately 900 years ago. Shri Gogaji was once a warrior who possessed spiritual powers. It is said that this temple was constructed around 950 years ago and it was Bikaner’s Maharaj Shri Ganga Singh, who reconstructed this temple again in 1911.
The structure of the temple stands upon an elevated mound and is made of stone, lime, black and white marble and mortar. The architecture of this temple reflects a perfect blend of Muslim and Hindu styles.

Shri Gogaji Temple

Inside, a statue of Shri Gogaji is set up that has a lot of engravings on it. This statue depicts Shri Gogaji as a warrior mounted upon a horse, having a lance in his hand and a snake encircling his neck. People from all communities visit this temple, which is open every day.

The major festival in this temple is Gogameri, when pilgrims from all parts of the country worship Gogaji or ‘the God of Snakes’. The unique feature of this temple is that it has priests for both Hindus and Muslims.

Temple of Dhuna Shri Gorakh Nathji

The Temple of Dhuna Shri Gorakh Nathji is situated about three kilometres from the railway station of Gogamedi. This temple is devoted to Lord Shiva along with his family, Goddess Kali, Shri Bhairuji and Shri Gorakh Nathji’s Dhuna.

A disciple of Matsyendra Nath, Shri Gorakh Nathji was a gifted yogi and was one of the primary Siddhas of the nine Siddhas belonging to the Cult of the Naths. In this religious site, the Dhuna or the fireplace of Shri Gorkah Nath can be seen.

This temple, which is constructed of bricks, lime, cement and mortar, houses a standing image of Goddess Kali that is about three feet high and made of stone. At about the same height, there is an idol of Shri Bhairuji that is built of black stone. Close to this idol are all the statues of the entire family of Shiva.

Shri Gorakhnath ji Temple

Around the same place, many samadhis of different yogis are also situated. Guru Gorakh Nathji’s popular Dhuna is placed atop a mound. This temple is open to throughout the year.

Brahmani Mata Temple

The Brahmani Mata temple is situated on the Hanumangarh - Kishangarh Mega Highway, at a distance of about 100 km from the city of Hanumangarh. It is located in the Pallu village of Rawatsar Tehsil. This temple stands on the remnants of the old Kalloor Fort. During Navratras, a fair called Mata Brahmani Mela is organized here

Brahmani Mata Temple

Kalibangan Archaeological Museum

Tourists interested in archeology can visit the town of Kalibangan located in Tehsil Pilibanga, between the districts of Hanumangarh and Suratgarh. This town and its renowned Archaeological Museum is located on the southern shores of the River Ghaggar that is about five kilometres from the Pilibanga railway station.

The museum was established in 1983 to store and exhibit the materials that were excavated from the archeological site of Kalibangan between 1961 and 1969.  Inside this museum, there are three galleries, one exhibits Pre-Harappan finds and the other two display Harappan artifacts.

Kalibangan Museum

The material displayed in the galleries are Harappan bangles, seals, terracotta objects and figurines, bricks, stone balls, grinders and collection of six fabric pottery that ranges from A – E from the Pre- Harappan era. Various pictures of the different bare structures are also exhibited here.

Kalibangan Archaeological Site

Another interesting site is the Kalibangan Archaeological Site This site is a part of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation that is some 5000 years old. It has not only the relics of the Harappan settlements from the 2500 BC – 1750 BC, but also the Pre-Harappan settlements from the 3500 BC – 2500 BC.

The excavation of this site proves that a well - established life style existed before the Harappan civilization in India. It was also discovered that for the ceramic industry, Rajasthan was a significant centre. The pottery of this place has similar designs with those of the Harappan civilization.

Kalibangan Archeological Site

The excavations at Kalibangan revealed Harappan seals, human skeletons, unknown scripts, stamps, copper bangles, beads, coins, toys, terracotta and shells, wheels, jewellery, utensils, toy carts, markets, remnants of wells, bathrooms, graves, a fort and streets.
This was also the site of discovering the most primitive ploughed field that dated back to 2800 BC. In 2600 BC, the first archaeologically recorded earthquake took place at this site, which marked the end of the Pre-.Harappan Civilization.

Sila Mata - Sila Peer Temple

The old Sila Mata – Sila Peer Temple is a mark of communal harmony. Located close to the bus stand of Hanumangarh City, the idol of this temple is worshipped by Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims.

Sila mata Sila peer Temple

The Muslims revere the stone as Sila Peer and the Hindus worship it as Sila Mata. It is popularly believed that the water and milk offered to the deity is capable of curing all skin diseases, if it can be applied. Every Thursday. A fair is held here.

Temple of Mata Bhadrakali

Located at a distance of seven kilometres from the city of Hanumangarh, the temple of Mata Bhadrakaliji stands on the banks of River Ghaggar that is close to Amarpura Thedi Village. The presiding deity of this temple is Mata Bhadrakali, which is one of the many avatars of Goddess Durga. The temple belongs to the Shakti Sect of Hinduism.

History states that the 6th ruler of Bikaner, Maharaja Ram Singh, constructed this temple to fulfill the desire of Akbar, the Mughal Emperor. Later on, Maharaja Dhri Ganga Singhji, the King of Bikaner, reconstructed this temple.

Maa Bhadrakali Temple

The temple is constructed of bricks, mortar and lime. It has a loft round shaped dome along with a verandah, a kitchen, a Sanctum Sanctorum and a hall for prayers. The main idol of this temple is built with red stone that is 2.6 feet high and covered in ornaments. 
The temple is open every day. However, it gets crowded on the 8th and 9th day in the month of Chaitra due to the mela that is celebrated here during that time.

Shri Kabootar Sahib Gurdwara

Shri Kabootar Sahib Gurdwara is located at a distance of about 80 km in the town of Nohar. This temple was constructed to celebrate the historic visit of Guru Gobind Singh in the month of November,, 1706, who was the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs and the founder of Khalsa Panth. On the way from Sirsa, Guru Gobind Singh stopped at this spot and set up camps close to a Chhip Talai that was situated southeastwards of the town.

When Guruji visited this place various pigeons or ‘kabootar’ as called in Punjabi used to flock the place. This happened as lots of people in this area used to feed these pigeons. During Guruji’s stay in this place, one of his Sikh followers accidentally stepped on a pigeon injuring it. Since the people of this area practiced non-violence, they protested this act with anger.

Kabutar Sahib Gurudwara

To pacify the local residents, Guruji appointed a barber-cum-surgeon who treated the pigeon. After this, news spread that Guruji had brought a dead pigeon back to life with the help of his spiritual powers. Then the family of the barber founded a platform at the campsite on which this Gurudwara was built later on, around 1730.

Gurdwara of Shri Sukha Singh Mehtab Singh
The historically important Gurdwara of Shaheedan Da is located in the city of Hanumangarh. In the 18th century AD, when this gurdwara was constructed, it was named after two martyrs.
According to history, when the Emperor of Afghanistan, Nadir Shah was moving back to Persia after looting and plundering numerous Indian cities in 1739, his forces were attacked by the Sikhs who rescued many young women and goods that were stolen by the forces.
After his return to Persia, Nadir Shah made Zakhrya Khan to act as the Governor of Lahore who vowed to destroy the Sikhs, for which he declared a reward to anybody who could bring the head of a Sikh.

Once a Massa Ranghar brought a cart full of heads of Sikhs to Zakhrya Khan, as a reward of which he was appointed the Chief of Amritsar. Taking charge of the Golden Temple of Amritsar, Massa Ranghar prohibited the Sikhs from entering this temple and started drinking and brought dancers at the pious temple. When this news reached the Bikaner’s Sikhs, they became enraged.
Then two Sikhs, namely, Bhai Mehtab Singh and Bhai Sukha Singh went to Amritsar to teach Massa Ranghar a lesson. As they carried bags full of coins, the watchmen didn’t prevent them from entering the Golden Temple.

Gurudwara Shri Sukha Singh Mehtab Singh

They went to a drunken Massa Ranghar who was watching the dancing girls and placed the bags full of coins in front of him. As he bent to take a look at the bag, these two Sikhs severed his head, took it and vanished from there in no time.
These two Sikhs came to Hanumangarh with Massa Ranghar’s head and rested under a tree. Later on they were captured and tortured to death by the Mughals who wanted them to convert to Islam. They refused this offer and attained martyrdom. Every year, in this gurdwara on Amavasya, thousands of devotees attend the Yadgari Jod Mela.

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Jaipur District

Jaipur District at a Glance

·                     District:                       Jaipur
·                     Headquarters:           Jaipur
·                     State:                           Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011) 
·                     Total:                          11143
·                     Rural:                         10353
·                     Urban:                        790
Population (Census 2011) 
·                     Population:                6626178
·                     Rural:                         3154331
·                     Urban:                        3471847
·                     Male:                          3468507
·                     Female:                      3157671
·                     Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males):         910
·                     Density (Total, Persons per sq km):            595
Constituencies (ECI) 
·                     Assembly:       19
·                     Lok Sabha:     2
Jaipur District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in Northern India. The city of Jaipur, which is Rajasthan's capital and largest city, is the district headquarters. It is the tenth most populous district in India (out of 640).
According to the 2011 census Jaipur district has a population of 6,663,971, roughly equal to the nation of Libya or the US state of Washington. This gives it a ranking of 10th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 598 inhabitants per sq. km. (1,550/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.91%. Jaipur has a sex ratio of 909 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.44%.


City Palace

City Palace, Jaipur
One of the historic landmarks of the city, City Palace is situated right at the center of the city and is made of grey-white marble stone. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II between 1729 and 1732 A.D. The king built the outer walls of the palace and his successors made the additions which continued till the 20th century.
City Palace includes the Chandra Mahal (palace) and the Mubarak Mahal (palace). At the entrance of the palace, there are two elephants made of marble that guard the passageway. Chandra Mahal houses a museum which has a rare collection of various types of Rajasthani dresses, Mughal armoury and Rajput weapons and swords of different shapes and sizes.
The museum also consists of an art gallery with a collection of paintings, royal belongings, carpets and astronomical works in Persian, Latin and Sanskrit, which were developed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II.

Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar, Jaipur

Jantar Mantar is one of Jai Singh's five striking observatories. Built with stone and marble, its perplexing instruments whose settings and shapes are exactly and logically outlined explain the medieval Indian Astronomy.
The Ram Yantras, utilized for measuring heights, are one-of-a-kind. This is the biggest of the five observatories established by Sawai Jai Singh II in India. It has been recorded in UNESCO world heritage sites.
Major Yantras or instruments that one can find here are: 'Dhruva', Small 'Samrat', 'Narivalya', The Observer's Seat, ‘Raj’, 'Unnathamsa', Small 'Kranti', 'Disha', 'Dakshina', Large 'Samrat', 'Rashivalayas', 'Jai Prakash', Small 'Smash', Large 'Slam Yantra', Small 'Smash', 'Diganta' and Large ‘Kranti’.

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal, Jaipur

Hawa Mahal, also known as ‘Palace of Winds’, was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799 A.D. Ustad Lal Chand was the designer of the palace.
The palace was designed in the form of Lord Krishna’s crown. There are 953 small windows in the palace, known as ‘Jharokhas’.
The reason for the king to build this palace was to let the royal ladies see the streets of the city and observe day-to-day life without being seen by any outsider.

Albert Hall

Albert Hall, Jaipur

Albert Hall is the oldest museum of Rajasthan and is located in Jaipur city. The Museum is located inside Ram Niwas Bagh opposite to New Gate.
It was designed by Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob and was built by Maharaja Ram Singh and was opened for general public in 1887. The museum is the finest example of Indo-Saracen architecture.
Maharaja Ram Singh wanted the place to be a Town Hall. His successor Raja Madho Singh II, however, decided to give it a shape of a museum and included the hall as a part of Ram Niwas Bagh. Albert hall is also known as “Government Central Museum”.
Jal Mahal

Jal Mahal, Jaipur

One of the biggest tourist attractions Jal Mahal, also known as ‘Water Palace’, is a palace situated in the middle of Man Sagar Lake.
Maharaja Jai Singh II renovated the place in the 18th century and utilized the palace as a hunting lodge. One can hire a boat from the shore and visit the palace.
Jal Mahal has beautifully decorated hallways on the first floor. The palace also houses a “Chameli Bagh”.
Across the lake, one can find hills, ancient forts and temples.

Amber Fort

Amber Fort, Jaipur

Also known as “Amer”, this place served as the capital for Kachhwaha Rajputs. The fort houses palaces, gardens, halls and temples which were built by Raja Man Singh, Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh. To reach the fort, there is a steep road.

It is a place of great tourist attraction wherein the tourists can hire elephants to reach the top of the fort. There is a Shila Mata temple in the premises of the Amer fort. The Idol of Shila Mata was brought from Jessore in East Bengal (now in Bangladesh) by Raja Man Singh.

Royal Entrance to Amber Fort

The palace has a pillared hall which is known as ‘Deewan-e-Aam’ and the ‘Ganesh Pole’. As we move further inside, there is a garden known as ‘Sukh Niwas’ and ‘Jas Mandir’. Jas Mandir is a fine example of the mix of Mughal architecture and Rajput designs. Raja Man Singh had built the older structures in the 16th century.

M P Birla Planetarium

M P Birla Planetarium

Equipped with the latest mechanized projection framework, the planetarium offers out-of-the-box audio-visual educational entertainment. A science museum is also a part of this.
The planetarium regularly holds sky-shows to drive out the heavenly myths, broadcast the basic ideas of Astronomy and also train the professionals to be glad about the splendour of the night sky. The topics include mysteries of cosmos, evolution of Earth, exploration of Mars and other planets. Interactive sessions are held after the sky-shows.

The planetarium organizes activities of ‘Amateur Astronomers Association’, which include astrophotography, telescope fabrication and organizing sky-watch sessions.


Galta ji Complex

Around 10 km away from Jaipur city, Galtaji is a pilgrimage for Hindus in a village called Khaniya-Balaji. There are a number of temples around Galtaji amidst the hills which surround Jaipur city.
There is a natural spring which emerges from the top of the hill filling a number of sacred Ponds (kunds) in which the pilgrim take a holy bath.
From the temple located at the hilltop, one can see the mesmerising view of Jaipur city. It is said that Galtaji was named after a Saint “Galav”, who used to live here and practice meditation and performed “Tapasya”.

Laxmi Narayan Temple (Birla Mandir)

Laxmi Narayan Temple

Laxmi Narayan temple, also known as ‘Birla temple’, is situated at the foot of the hill of Moti Doongri.
It is a temple made of white marble and is another place of tourist attraction in the city.

Nahargarh Fort

Part view of Nahargarh Fort

Nahargarh fort is located beyond the hills of Jaigarh fort. It is believed that Nahargarh was once the royal residence of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Nahargarh stands on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, overlooking the pink city of Jaipur. The view of the city from the fort is impressive. Along with Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh once formed a strong defense ring for the city.
The fort was originally named Sudarshangarh, but it became known as Nahargarh, which means 'abode of tigers'.
Most of the part of the fort is in ruins now though the buildings constructed by Sawai Ram Singh II and Sawai Madho Singh II still exist.



Sargasuli is also known as ‘IsarLat’. It is a tower which was built by Maharaja Ishwari Singh as a memorable after one of his victories.

Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh defeated Madho Singh in the battle. The war took place because of some internal disputes between Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh and Madho Singh.
The tower was built as a sign of victory. You can have a look at the whole Jaipur city from this tower as it is situated at the heart of the city. Jaipur is a harmonious blend of culture, education and religion.

Sargasuli is the highest building of Jaipur and is situated on the western side of Tripolia Bazaar.

Govind Devji Temple

Govind Dev ji Temple

At the center of the sprawling Jai Niwas Garden towards the north of the Chandra Mahal is the temple of Lord Krishna.
The temple doesn’t have any towers to support the roof which makes it a building of utmost attraction for the tourists.
The idol of Govind Devji, initially introduced in a temple of Vrindavan, was reinstalled here by Sawai Jai Singh-II as his family god.

Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh

Sisodia Rani Palace

Along the street to Agra through a thin gauge in the southern eastern corner of the walled city, a few gardens were built by the Kings in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
The biggest and the most renowned is the garden built by Sawai jai Singh II for his Sisodia queen. It comprises of layered multilevel gardens with fountains and painted pavilions.

Jaigarh Fort

Jaigarh Fort

Jaigarh fort is located on the cape called ‘Cheel ka Teela’ on the Aravali hills. The fort was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1726 A.D. It was built with the vision of securing Amer Fort from enemy attacks and is also known as ‘Victory Fort’.
The total length of Jaigarh fort is around 3 km from north to south and has a width of around 1 km. It is one of the few military structures of Medieval India.
It houses royal residences, gardens, open and secured water reservoirs, a silo, an arsenal, an all around arranged gun foundry, a few temples, a tall tower and a monster-mounted cannon – The Jai Ban - the biggest in the nation.



Located off the Jaipur-Amber street, Gaitore is the last resting place for the Maharajas of Jaipur. Set in a valley, the cenotaphs of the previous rulers comprise of Chhatri or umbrella-molded commemorations.
The most special one is Jai Singh's Chhatri because of the carvings that have been utilized to adorn it.

Moti Doongri

Moti Dungri Fort & Palace

It is believed to be a replica of a Scottish castle and exists on the hilltop. This place is believed to be once a residence of Maharani Gayatri Devi. It is also said that Maharaja Madho Singh’s son had occupied this place in the past.

Vidyadharji ka Bagh
Vidyadhar ji ka bagh

Vidyadhar Ji ka Bagh is located at Ghat ki Guni. One of Jaipur's best-preserved gardens, this picturesque garden is aesthetically designed and was built in the memory of Jaipur's chief Architect, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. Apart from the crystal waters, the tranquil lakes, flower beds and well-maintained gardens, the Vidyadhar Garden has a lot to offer. Nestled in the lap of a popular valley in Jaipur, the garden offers a panoramic view of the city and is the pride of Jaipur's significant heritage and culture. The garden was strategically built to the decrees of the ancient 'Shilpa Shasthra' and is situated close to the Sisodia gardens.

The garden is the perfect amalgamation of contemporary Hindu and Mughal styles with its wonderful, sylvan lakes, terraced lawns, fountains and the majestic pavilions that house Lord Krishna's murals and paintings. Managed by the Government of Rajasthan, the Vidyadhar Garden is a vast expanse of imperial architecture and dazzling greenery. Presently, the place is used to host private get-togethers.

Hathi Gaon (Elephant Village)

Hathi Gaon

Hathi Gaon is located at the foot of the Amber palace hills. The place was built for the elephants of the king and their Mahouts.
The design involved first structuring the landscape first to create a series of water bodies to harvest the rain runoff, as this is the most crucial resource in the desert climate of Rajasthan. The idea of the site planning was to mould a structure and system that would help regenerate the landscape in a decade to approximate the tropical landscapes that are the natural habitat for elephants.

Samode Palace

Samode Palace

Nestled in the Aravalli Hills, Samode Palace is located at a distance of 40 km from Jaipur city. The palace is known to feature a unique blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture. Also, the palace boasts some of the finest frescoes and mirror-work that can be seen in the entire state. This 500- year old palace holds the essence of the rich and glorious heritage of the country till today. The palace has been featured in a number of Bollywood and Hollywood Movies.
Samode Palace is counted among India’s most beautiful and romantic heritage hotels in India. The palace hotel is known to offer a tranquil and luxurious ambience. The hotel is also famous for its modern hospitality, accommodation, services, cuisine and amenities. Guests get to indulge in activities like elephant polo, camel safari, horse safari and jeep safari.

Sambhar is one of the popular tourist destinations of the district. It is located at a distance of 94 km from the main city. The place was ruled by many rulers in the past like Rajputs, Sindhias, Marathas and Mughals. It is famous for its good quality salt and is considered to be one of the perfect destinations for visitors for rejuvenation. The place houses Shakambhari Devi temple, Sambhar Palace, Devayani Pond and a small town Naliasar.

Sambhar Lake

Famous Sambhar Lake is also a part of this place which is the main source of salt for the State and for the country. It was leased to the British by the rulers of Jaipur and Jodhpur in 1870 and after Independence it came directly under the State government’s ownership. 

Presently, the lake is managed by ‘Sambhar Salts Limited’, owned jointly by Hindustan Salts and the Government of Rajasthan.