Ajmer District at a Glance
· District: Ajmer
· Headquarters: Ajmer
· State: Rajasthan
Area in Sq Km (Census 2011)
· Total: 8481
· Rural: 8091.33
· Urban: 389.67
Population (Census 2011)
· Population: 2583052
· Rural: 1547642
· Urban: 1035410
· Male: 1324085
· Female: 1258967
· Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males): 951
· Density (Total, Persons per sq km): 305
· Assembly: 8
· Lok Sabha: 1
The eastern portion of Ajmer district is generally flat, broken only by gentle undulations. The western part, from north-west to south-west, is intersected by the Aravalli Range. Many of the valleys in this region are sandy deserts, part of India's Thar Desert, with an occasional oasis of cultivation. Some fertile tracts are also present; among these is the plain on which lies the town of Ajmer. This valley has an artificial lake, and is protected by the massive walls of the Nagpathar range or Serpent rock, which forms a barrier against the sand. The only hills in the district are the Aravalli Range and its offshoots. Ajmer is almost totally devoid of rivers. The Banas River touches the south-eastern boundary of the district so as to irrigate the pargana of Samur. Four small streams—the Sagarmati, Saraswati, Khari and Dai—also intersect the district.
PLACES OF INTEREST
ADHAI - DIN KA- JHONPRA
|Adhai din ka Jhonpra|
‘Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra’ is a work of outstanding artistry of Indo-Islamic architecture and is located near the Dargah Sharif. It consists of a courtyard protected from all four sides and has a front screen wall of seven sharp arches inside the place. It was originally supposed to be built as a Sanskrit College within a temple enclosure which was later destroyed by Mohammad Ghori and converted into a mosque. The name Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra was given to the place in the latter half of the 18th century when fakirs began to assemble here in the times of the Marathas to celebrate the Urs anniversary of the death of the Pir Panjaba Shah, which lasted for two-and-a-half days (Adhai Din). The fakirs used to live in Jhonpras (huts), and hence, the name – Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra.
|A view of Anasagar Lake|
|Another view of Anasagar Lake|
Anasagar Lake is a scenic artificial lake, commissioned and built by Arnoraj Chauhan, son of Ajaypal Chauhan, between 1135 and 1150 AD. Arnoraj was also known as Anaji, which gives the lake its name. Many years later, Mughal Emperor Jahangir added his touch to the lake by laying out the Daulat Bagh Gardens (now known as Subhash Bagh) near the lake.
|The Baradari on the edge of Anasagar lake|
Emperor Shah Jahan too contributed to the expansion by building five pavilions, known as the Baradari, between the garden and the lake.
DARGAH KHWAJA SAHEB
|Ajmer Dargah (Image credit: Ajmer darshan)|
Dargah Khwaja Saheb was the final resting place of the Saint, Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti. It was built in the 13th Century and is popularly known as ‘Gareeb Nawaaz’. The Dargah is located in Ajmer city and has the grave of the famous saint. Devotees believe that Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti was the direct descendant of Muhammad because he arrived in Ajmer to preach about his beliefs after Muhammad appeared in his dreams. The entrance gate of the Dargah is called Nizaam Gate followed by Shahjahani Gate, which was built by Shah Jahan. Shahjahani Gate is followed by Buland Darwaaza. The Urs flag is hoisted every year on the Buland Darwaaza to mark the beginning of Urs.
The Dargah is presently under the ownership of an international trust. The government has appointed a Dargah committee which takes care of the affairs of the Dargah and also finances charitable institutes like guest houses, dispensaries, etc. The rituals of the Dargah are taken care of by priests known as Khadims.
Amongst the many incredible places to visit in Ajmer, Akbar’s Palace is believed to have been made in such a way that it would be difficult to attack it. One of the most visited monuments in the city, this Palace displays brilliant artwork and inscriptions on the ceilings and walls. Make sure to see the two impressive stone walls that surround the Akbar’s Palace. A portion of this must see attraction was also converted into a museum back in 1908 and you can explore the old treasures, stone sculpture, miniature paintings and medieval armoury of the warriors.
|Saibaba Temple (Inside View)|
To complete a religious tour in Ajmer, the temple of Sai Baba is a must visit place. The temple is completely built in marble that appears translucent. Spreading over an area of two acres, the temple gives visitors a chance to capture brilliant landscape shots of the surroundings from across the garden. The Sai Baba Temple in Ajmer was built in 1999 and ever since this temple has gained its popularity.
NARELI JAIN TEMPLE
The Nareli Jain Temple also known as the Shri Gyanodaya Tirth Kshetra is an important pilgrimage site for Digambara Jains. And perhaps there are two key elements that make Nareli Jain Temple worth a visit, one, the beautiful mix of traditional and contemporary architecture style, and second, is its secluded location amid Aravalli Hills. The entire temple is made of marble and it displays intricate stone carvings and 24 other miniature shrines in its vicinity. But the main attraction here is a huge statue of Guru Adinath Ji. Besides offering a religious treat to the devotees, its surroundings also provide a great spot for picnics and a perfect place if you want a quick getaway from Ajmer.
SONIJI KI NASIYAN
One of the best places for pilgrims is the Soniji ki Nasiyan, located in the heart of Ajmer near Akbar’s Fort. Basically, Soniji ki Nasiyan is a Jain temple dedicated to Lord Rishabh or Lord Adinath and it beautifully displays rich architecture. The exterior of the temple is of red sandstone and is believed to have taken just a few years to complete. However, it took around twenty-five years to complete the entire structure inside out. Soniji ki Nasiyan displays the images of the Tirthankaras in an area that is connected by a staircase to the main temple. Swarna Nagari ‘City of Gold’ or the main chamber houses several gold-plated artistic representations of the Jain religion. It is said that this 19th-century temple is among the richest Jain temples in India.
One of the oldest hill forts in Rajasthan, Taragarh Fort is a mega structure that was built in 1934 and is surrounded by six huge gates around the complex. The fort overlooks the entire city and displays beautiful architecture style of Rajasthan. Here, the front gateway is decorated with gorgeous stone sculptures of elephants. Taragarh also houses the Dargah of Miran Sahib. During the Mughal rule, Taragarh Fort was used as an important military centre but in the later years, it was used as a sanatorium during the British rule in Ajmer. The iconic attraction in the fort is Bhim Burj, which is a huge battlement where a large cannon and massive stone water reservoirs are located within the fort complex. It is a three-kilometer uphill walk from the main city, it is also easily accessible by car.
LAKE FOY SAAGAR
Another renowned tourist attraction and counted to be one of the best places to visit in Ajmer is the Foy Sagar Lake built in the year 1892. This lake was originally constructed as a Famine Relief Project to help cope up with the scarcity of water. However, today, the lake serves as an ideal tourist place where one can spend time amid nature. Often it is the favourite place to have family picnics and can also be considered as a getaway for couples. This artificial lake is spread over 14,000,000 sq ft and has a flat water-body offering a picturesque view of the Aravalli Hills.
Mayo College is one of India’s oldest independent boarding schools. Founded in 1875, and named after Richard Bourke, the 6th Earl of Mayo, Mayo College was set up to provide the scions of India’s princely states with an education similar to that provided by the Eton College in Britain. John Lockwood Kipling, father of Nobel Laureate, Rudyard Kipling, as principal of Mayo College, furnished the design of the Coat of Arms which shows a Rajput and a Bhil warrior. The college building is one of the finest extant examples of Indo-Saracenic style of architecture.
Kishangarh Fort is a beautiful fort located in Kishangarh, Rajasthan. On visiting the fort, one will see jails, granaries, armouries and other significant buildings present inside of it. The Durbar Hall is its biggest structure, and was the place where the kings carried out their official meetings on a daily basis. And when it comes to the most attractive place inside the fort, it has got to be Phool Mahal which showcases the splendour of the kings from the Rathore clan in a glorious manner, with gorgeous murals and frescos adorning its walls. Alongside the fort, a few lakes like Gundu lav talab & Hamir Sagar are located which serve as a great picnic spot. If you want to revisit history, Kishangarh Fort is a place you ought to visit when in Rajasthan.
PRITHVI RAJ SMARAK
Prithvi Raj Smarak is a memorial made in the honor of the brave Rajput chief, Prithvi Raj Chauhan III. Regarded as the epitome of devotion and courage, he was the last ruler of the Chauhan lineage and was enthroned to rule over the twin capitals of the Ajmer and Delhi, in 12th century. The memorial exhibits a statue of Prithvi Raj III seated on his horse, made in black stone. The horse has one of its front hooves up in the air, as if charging forward. The memorial stands atop a hill, surrounded by the Aravalli range, giving visitors a panoramic view of the city of Ajmer. The memorial also has a garden adjacent to it, wherein tourists can sit and relax.